Skip to main content

Jquery Mobile - Single Page Structure

    We have been introduced to Jquery Mobile and have also seen some of the key features of the rich web framework in the previous posts. Today we will take a look at a general page structure using Jquery Mobile. So be ready to start off programming using Jquery Mobile.

    The Jquery Mobile page structure is optimized to support a single page or local, internally linked multiple pages. What does this mean? Well, single page architecture means, having multiple pages that are linked to each other using the normal process of using the anchor tag. So, each page will have its own header, content and footer. The multiple page structure is basically having multiple pages in one single page within different DIVs. So each page becomes a DIV which is linked to another page using an id for that particular page DIV.

    The multiple page architecture, though available is not popularly used because it results in a performance issue. The DOM becomes heavy as multiple pages load at the same time and the website becomes sloppy for the user. The multiple page architecture can be used for websites which are only content based with just 4-5 pages in it. However, for a decent enough website or an application, using the single page architecture makes more sense.

    If the above 2 paragraphs have not made any sense to you, do not get discouraged, take a look at the following to examples, and things will become much more clear.

Example #1:
    The following example shows a general structure of a page using Jquery Mobile. Take a look at the example, the code the result and I will explain the components of the code in further detail.



    You must have already taken a look at the example above. Let's begin with the important parts of the code first.
  • The HTML5 doctype - The HTML5 doctype has to be used to extract the maximum out of this framework. Any device with a browser that does not understand the HTML5 doctype ignores the doctype and custom Jquery Mobile attributes.
  • The viewport meta tag - The viewport meta tag tells the browser how the page zoom levels and dimensions are to be displayed. By setting the viewport attributes to content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1", the width will be set to the pixel width of the device screen. Now here, we are faced with an obvious question?
    • What happens if the viewport meta tag is not included?
      • In one line; your page would look bad. If the meta tag isn't set, many mobile browsers will use a "virtual" page width around 900 pixels to make it work well with existing desktop sites but the screens may look zoomed out and too wide.
    • However, there is a problem with the usage of this meta tag. The page still can be zoomed, and though Jquery Mobile says its a feature, many a times it is not desirable. To restrict the zooming of the browser, we need to use a more better and refined meta tag, the details of which you will find in this post.
  • Links to Jquery Mobile style-sheet and javascript files and the jquery javascript file.
    Let's come to the body of the code. You would have observed a few things like "data-role=page", "data-role=header", "data-role=content" and "data-role=footer". Inside the  tag, each view or "page" on the mobile device is identified with an element (usually a div) with the data-role="page" attribute. Although the page structure outlined above is a recommended approach for a standard web app built with jQuery Mobile, the framework is very flexible with document structure. The page, header, content, and footer data-role elements are optional and are mostly helpful for providing some basic formatting and structure.

UPDATE: The following example makes use of the next stable version of Jquery Mobile 1.3.1


    Here, we conclude our today's discussion on the Jquery Mobile Single Page structure. We would discuss the Multi-page structure in the further post. Including the multi-page structure in this post would make the post really lengthy and hence we will discuss this in the next post. Do let me know, if you have followed the post and also if you haven't, of any mistakes that you would have come across in this post.

    Hope you enjoy coding using Jquery Mobile and share this post if you have liked it. You can also follow the blog on Facebook by liking the Spatial Unlimited page.

Recommended for You

Difference between word-break: break-all versus word-wrap: break-word

The 2 CSS properties word-break: break-all and word-wrap: break-word appear to work in the same way or generate the same output, but there is a slight difference between the 2 and we will be discussing these differences today.



    Take a look at the example above. The difference is quite evident, however I will try to explain it further.

word-break: break-all Irrespective of whether it’s a continuous word or many words, break-all breaks them up at the edge of the width limit even within the characters of the same word
word-wrap: break-word This will wrap long words onto the next line.break-word adjusts different words so that they do not break in the middle.
    So if you have many fixed-size spans which get content dynamically, you might just prefer using word-wrap: break-word, as that way only the continuous words are broken in between, and in case it’s a sentence comprising many words, the spaces are adjusted to get intact words (no break within a word).     In case you want to exp…

Geodesic, Draggable Onclick Polygon

After creating a simple polygon and then creating an on-click polygon, we will today see how to create a polygon which can be changed, altered, dragged; basically edited on the fly. We will also cover the geodesic polygon in this example itself. If you want to read and understand more about what "geodesic" is, read this post.

    Nothing exceptional about the code that I think needs explanation! You can create a geodesic polygon which can be edited on the fly. Click, hold and drag any marker, and the two polylines connected by this marker will change accordingly. By clicking on the marker, that marker would disappear, and the polygon will reform itself! Here is today's code.


    You can copy the above code in a text file and save it with .html extension. Click on this file; it will open in your default browser and you will see an exciting map in action! The output of the above code appears as seen in the result section above! If you have any doubts or queries regard…

Onclick polygon

Yesterday we had a look at a simple polygon example. But that example was not exciting as it was all hard-coded with no user interaction and which means no fun! Today's example will deal with creating a polygon on the fly, i.e. an on-click polygon in action!

    The code for creating a polygon is very much similar to creating a polyline! The only difference is that you need to replace "Polyline" by "Polygon" in such examples. Let's head on to our code.


    The output of the above code can be viewed in the result section above. If you have any doubts or queries regarding the above code then please comment here or feel free to drop me a mail! Till then, happy mapping!

jQuery Mobile's Next Big Step

Spatial Unlimited changes to The UI Dev


After being hosted on blogger 😣 for the last 6 years 📆, this page has finally been moved to Github.io
This means a few things for you, dear reader!

You will be redirected to the new page shortly! ⏩ ⏩ ⏩


Once crapy HTML is now better looking Markdown! 😍 😍


The entire blog is a Github repo! 😍 😍


Spatial Unlimited is now The UI Dev 😍 😍


Jquery Mobile - Readonly listview

The Jquery Mobile Listview that is used generally used to link each list item to a new page in the application or to link that list item to another list. However, it is not always necessary to have a linked list. Sometime we need to display a list that does not have to be linked to anything else.

    Using Jquery Mobile, we can have non-interactive, read-only listviews in our web pages. This list can be generated using the ordered or un-ordered lists that don't have any linked items, i.e. we basically do not include any anchor tags within our list item tags. This will render the listview as a non-interactive, read-only listview.

    Take a look at the JsFiddle below. The code and the actual result will give you a better picture of how you can implement the non-interactive, read-only listviews.



    Hope you find this example useful. Please drop a comment if you face any problems or have any queries. I would be happy to help and learn more. You can take a look at more examples …